More often than not, when people hear that the Tech Learning Collective (TLC) provides “foundational technology education,” they ask us what programming languages our courses cover. Our answer almost always surprises them: we don’t teach coding! It isn’t that learning to code is bad or something to be discouraged, but TLC was in part formed as a David to stand against the cultural “learn to code” Goliath.
Predatory capitalism comes to “learn to code” bootcamps
Coding “bootcamps,” as they like to describe themselves, rarely (if ever) offer their customers students the necessary knowledge needed to understand what code or even a computer really is. It may seem a bold claim, but coding bootcamps just don’t teach much about computers, and they never claimed to. What they do claim to do is make their students more readily employable; to equip you for the trenches of the tech job market.
Unfortunately for their students, code bootcamps don’t tend to do a good job of that, either. An investigation by Bloomberg found that at many of the most prestigious tech companies, hiring processes automatically disqualify code bootcamp graduates. And while almost all coding schools tout high job placement numbers, they are frequently inflated, unaudited, or otherwise misleading. Add to that the fact that the average code bootcamp costs $11,000, and code bootcamps begin to look more and more like the predatory for-profit college industry. (For contrast, Tech Learning Collective courses average ~$800.)
Today’s code bootcamps promise a new American Dream in the supposedly impending Fully Automated Luxury Capitalism economy, but what they deliver is subpar vocational training at best. Far fewer graduates than promised ever actually get a job in tech, and those that do are entering today’s equivalent of the Ford factory assembly line, complete with horrific bosses, and rampant misogyny and other prejudices. And those few are considered the lucky ones!
So, what are code bootcamps missing? Foundations! If you want to become a master carpenter, don’t start by picking up a power tool. Likewise, if you want to become a skilled digital technologist, don’t start by learning to code. Radical technologists like us have long been frustrated by the conflation between coding and computer system administration, a distinction that is critical for autonomous social movements to understand.
Basic digital competency starts with understanding the foundational infrastructure on which every digital device and capability rests. Infrastructure must come before code, just as the land must be fertile before your garden will bloom on it. Moreover, if you understand the basics of digital infrastructures, then actually learning to code becomes an easy segue to make. But learning to code first makes it damn near impossible to dig deep enough to understand the landscape in which you are operating. This, in turn, means all your future steps will feel shakier and take longer.
This is one reason why the Tech Learning Collective made a conscious choice not to offer any coding courses. Even if our goal was to train more programmers (and it isn’t), starting with a programming language is bad pedagogy. When programmers are at their computer, most of their time is not spent coding.
Instead, they’re performing myriad other actions. Perhaps they’re interacting with programs that have already been written, like Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) or utilities for text replacement and pattern matching. Perhaps they’re making requests of services provided by their operating system, such as network sockets or local servers. All of these and more are vital infrastructural tasks without which the code they write could not function in the first place. At the end of the day, without a sufficient understanding of this infrastructure, programmers write programs with more bugs and less functionality, expending vastly more effort to accomplish vastly less.
For many of us at the Tech Learning Collective, this whole tech bootcamp phenomenon is eerily familiar. It mirrors the worst parts of capitalism by wedging us away from our digital roots, just as industries like factory farming intentionally distance us from the Earth. This distance helps maintain systems designed to keep us ignorant of the most important parts of our immediate environment while simultaneously pressuring us to pay for an anemic version of the things we could do or make ourselves, if only we were given the chance.
Back to basics: living off the (digital) land
For a moment, forget about computers and code. Now consider that we don’t often talk about growing our own food, or learning how to purify water, or knit, or raising a barn, or learning the basics of plumbing as a way to join the ranks of the wealthy and powerful. We don’t usually think of attending a gardening “bootcamp” in the hopes that our gardens will net us high paying salaries. Typically, we embark on projects like these for the sheer joy of doing them or, more pragmatically, for the immediate benefit of feeding ourselves and, once we get really good at it, our neighbours as well.
At the Tech Learning Collective, we talk about technology in the same way that we talk about gardening. Ours is a counter-school pushing against the rhetoric of industry and military indoctrination. A good soldier or police officer follows orders, whether those orders are moral or not, and one way to ensure that these employees do their job is to isolate them from foundational knowledge so as to distance them from the consequences of their actions. A well-trained soldier need only the bare minimum understanding of how their weapon works to pull the trigger, and even less of a grasp of geopolitical struggles to participate in an unjust war. A code bootcamp is focused on producing for the capitalist economy the same things as a military bootcamp produces for aggressive, militarized nations.
In the “learn to code” culture, the corporation is the new army and the employee is the new soldier. They are called “bootcamps,” after all.
Rather than focus on jobs or the commercial applications of digital technologies, our primary inquiries in Tech Learning Collective classes consider how we can leverage our digital devices for the most immediate social good, same as in our day-to-day lives as radical queers and radical technologists. Much like the advice encouraging you to eat foods whose ingredients you can pronounce and grown on soil you have left your footprints on, we believe that our engagement with technology ought to be as directly integrated as possible with our everyday lives: do you know where your servers are?
We aim for the kind of good that we can understand at each and every stage of the process. Our classrooms reflect this by, for example, making use of the actual environment, in all its diversity, rather than creating sterile labs in which to guide students through a rote series of steps with pre-determined outcomes.
Exactly what comes of this alternative approach depends partly on the people who take it up, along with the concerns or issues they face in their lives. For a highly surveilled community, maintaining network services free of surveillance becomes a central focus. For a poor neighborhood, building a cooperative computer lab becomes a pathway to empowerment and (certain kinds of) self-sufficiency. By harnessing digital tools, menial tasks like logistical coordination for physical-world projects can be made easier in the same way that a garden needs our protection from bad weather and produces a higher yield in good weather. This is not a mimicry of a fully automated utopia, but a systematic reclamation of the value of our own labor.
And, notice, none of the above goals require you to learn to code. 🤔
Empowerment at Tech Learning Collective
And our pedagogy is as important as the content of our classes. Rather than confine participants to a single method, our classes take shape according to what is most appropriate for a given class. Different materials are provided where and when the teacher believes they would add to the class rather than being handed down from on high by a precient syllabus. The students’ own decisions as to how they want to learn are just as important as what they’ve chosen to learn.
For us, “foundational” means uncovering an ethos and methodology that is radically contra any tech or code bootcamp. In doing so, we don’t merely learn how to use a computer or how to make “new” apps that do the same thing as every other app. Rather, we embody seeds of reinvention, of cultural redefinition, of new imaginaries, and more just, more optimistic ways of relating to, with, and through digital devices.
The power of foundational technology education is revolutionary, and providing it in the face of Silicon Valley’s lies is a radical act. We’re after revolution. And that’s what we mean when we say we’re not a code bootcamp.